Dating service Freiburg im Breisgau
In addition, the Welf family, while establishing themselves definitively as dukes of Bavaria in 1096, remained major landowners in Swabia where contemporary sources such as necrologies show that they also used the title dux.
Besides these major families, numerous lesser noble families enjoyed limited territorial influence in Swabia around the castles which they constructed.
The nobility whose families are set out in this document are those who lived in Swabia east of the river Rhine.
The nobles whose power-bases lay on the left bank of the river are shown in the document ALSACE.
During the dispute between Konrad IV King of Germany and the papal party, led by Willem II Count of Holland as its figurehead and anti-king, Swabia was largely anti-Staufen.
The reaction against Staufen control enabled the local Swabian nobility to assert their autonomy, the duchy of Swabia virtually disappearing as a territorial unit and dissolving into a collection of territorial fragments The names are (in order) "comite Rodolfo Pregantino, comite Rudolfo de Ramsperc, Ebirhardo comite de Nellinburc, Burcardo, Eginone, Gotfrido, Friderico comitibus de Zolr, Marcquardo comite de Veringin, Diepoldo et fratre eius Rapotone comitibus de Berge, Ebirhardo et Hartmanno comitibus de Killiperc, Ludowico comite de Wirtinberc, Ungone comite palatino de Tuwingen, Bertoldo de Ebirstein, Ulrici et Alberto comitibus de Ahchalm, Alberto et Hartmanno comitibus de Kuiberc, Heinrico comite et Conrado fratre suo, advocato de Sancto-monte, Wernhero, Chunone, Arnoldo comitibus de Badin, Humberto, Ulrico, Rudolfo, Arnoldo comitibus de Lenzeburc, Wernhero comite de Habisburg". In addition four individuals are listed who are not counts "Manigoldo de Rordorf, Lamperto de Husin, Hugone de Utindorf, Eigilwardo de Nuzdorf".
A good example is provided by the Grafen von Achalm, who acquired the Alsatian castle of Montbliard [Mmpelgard] by marriage, and founded the influential monastery of Zwiefalten in 1089.
However, no legitimate descendants are known from this family of eight brothers, the last of whom died in 1098.
A third example, on a smaller scale, is provided by the Grafen von Berg who developed sufficient influence to enable them to arrange the marriages in the early 12th century of the three daughters of Graf Heinrich [I] with the king of Poland and the dukes of Bohemia and Moravia.
The Swabian nobility constituted a much less cohesive group than the nobility in the neighbouring province of Bavaria.
This was probably due originally to the disparate nature of the Swabian duchy which consisted of three distinct geographical areas: most of what is today the German state of Baden-Wrttemberg, the German-speaking part of Switzerland, and Alsace.
The list is undated, but the inclusion of the brothers Adalbert and Hartmann Grafen von Dillingen und Kiburg enable it to be dated to after , when their father died.
Further precision in the dating is possible by identifying which "Friedrich Duke of Swabia" is named. The only possibilities are therefore Duke Friedrich III, who resigned the dukedom in March 1152 when he was elected as Friedrich I "Barbarossa" King of Germany, or his successor Duke Friedrich III who was installed as duke in 1152.