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Gluttony consisted of eating before the time of the meal, as well as taking too much.
Regular mealtimes seem to have been seen as evidence of an ordered, civilised life.
Edward Prince of Wales (son of Edward IV) probably dined at 11.00 a.m...supped at 5.00 p.m.... Digestion, it was thought, is fortified by movement and the heat of the sun...authors, armed with a purified Galen and other Greek authors, promoted the larger "coena," or supper, at around six in the evening.
The staggering of meals in large households, with the servants eating earlier than the lord..common." ---Food and Feast in Medieval England, P. Hammond [Wrens Park Publishing: Pheonix Mill] 1993 (p. They argued that distribution of humors and spirits, the third stage of digestion, is stronger during the day, but concoction is much stronger when the mind and body are at rest...
The time was only specified as a 'convenyent hower', although to break one's fast after devotions was the generally recommended procedure.
Earlier reference to breakfast sometimes meant dinner, literally, in these cases, the first meal of the day.
159-160) Anglo-Saxon period "Taking meals at regular times was seen a good thing in moral terms: every mouth needs food; meals shall take place at their proper time'...
Three meals a day were accepted as reasonable by most later sixteenth-century writers, such as Andrew Borde, although he thought that this was only good for the labouring man: anyone else should be content with two.
It has been suggested that breakfast was only eaten by children and workmen, but certainly by the fifteenth century it was quite commonly taken by everyone....although the 1478 household ordinance of Edward IV specified that only residents down to the rank of squires should have breakfast, except by special order...
Morever, in large establishments, serving meals at set hours would have saved time.
Punctual meals were particularly important in monasteries where the offices had to be observed.